One of the first names that comes to mind while listing some of the greatest fictional detectives of all time is Sherlock Holmes. The brilliant, yet cold and often arrogant detective and his faithful partner, John Watson, made their first appearance in A Study in Scarlet in 1887. Since then, Sherlock Holmes has been the main character in many spin-offs, movies, and TV shows.
|Sherlock Holmes - The motion picture|
|Sherlock - TV Series|
The man who created the character, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, was born on May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh. His father suffered from epilepsy and alcoholism, and had to be institutionalized, where he eventually died. His mother kept a boarding house. Doyle was well-educated, and practiced medicine before becoming a writer. He ran for parliament unsuccessfully in 1900 and 1906. He was knighted in 1902. One of the sources of his creativity was his family: his grandfather was a famous caricaturist, his uncle was an illustrator, and his father was an architect and a book illustrator. Doyle looked up to Edgar Allan Poe and Emile Gaboriau, and his works reflect some of the themes found in the works of these authors.
Markus Baer discusses the differences between intrinsic and extrinsic rewards, or sources of motivation for creativity in Rewarding Creativity: When does it really matter? According to him, any work accomplished by intrinsic motivation is the result of a person's genuine interest in that particular subject. Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, results in accomplishing a task because of outside sources of motivation such as money or a promotion. Generally, intrinsic sources of motivation lead to more creative ideas. Doyle's motivation to write was originally intrinsic as he gave up his medical practice to focus on writing.
|Sir Arthur Conan Doyle|
Baer, M., Oldham, G., & Cummings, A. (2003). Rewarding creativity: When does it really matter? The Leadership Quarterly, 14, 569-586.