John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was an English writer and University professor best known for writing The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Tolkien was born in 1892 in South Africa that was at the time an English controlled state. A few years after being born, however, his father died and he and his family moved to England. In his younger years Tolkien was exposed to many novels and did not have much interest in classics like Treasure Island and Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, but was more interested in fantasy stories such as Red Indian that shaped his interests for the rest of his life.
Looking back at his childhood there are parallels between his real life experiences and the contents of his books. One of these first instances is as a child he would spend time with his cousins that showed him a language that they created. He would then go on to co-create another language and then eventually create a language all his own. Later in his life when working on The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings he created another language to be spoken by some of the characters in his book. Another instance of his stories alluding to his real life adventures happens in The Hobbit. During one of his childhood summers he went on a trip to Switzerland where he and others hiked a long distance. Over fifty years later he recalled those memories and based Bilbo's journey through the Misty Mountains off of his own adventure.Another inspiration for his book came from his wife. His wife inspired the character Luthien and he even had that name engraved on her tombstone when she passed away.